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Adaptor Grants Home:
Teachers Network: Adaptor Grants: Can You Measure Up?

Adapted By:
Patricia Kwan

Ms. Kwan completed her master’s program in elementary education at Hunter College and has been teaching third grade at P.S. 124M for 6 ½ years. Since graduation, she has taken many other courses and participated in workshops to enrich her academic and pedagogic skills. She has also facilitated teacher workshops in areas of social studies and science, including Teacher’s Network Annual Conferences. Currently, she is taking courses to fulfill requirements for ESL certification. This is the third TeachNet unit that Ms. Kwan has adapted in her classroom.

P.S. 124
New York, NY



Modifications

While I was preparing my class for the state math test, I tried to look for hands-on, fun, and more meaningful ways to review various strands, as well as ways to supplement the lessons that I was already teaching. I used this unit mainly to introduce measurement. I first read Super Sand Castle Sunday by Stuart J. Murphy to begin our discussion of standard versus non-standard measurements. Students then wrote letters to the characters, explaining what their problem was and supplying a suggestion to resolve the problem. For homework, students used various measurement tools (both standard and non-standard) to measure objects found at home. Next, I read Inch by Inch by Leo Lionni. We had an in-depth discussion about why we cannot use an inch to measure the length of a song, but that the inchworm was smart to use it as a way to escape. Students were also able to identify time as a method of measuring a song. After that, students had a lot of fun creating inch art and adding the lengths of the strips they used. Living in New York City where there are few opportunities to explore wildlife, students inquired whether an inchworm is really one inch long. That inquiry warranted an interesting on-line research and another discussion too!! I had trouble locating a couple of the suggested books at local libraries and bookstores so I supplemented with another book that I found written by an author well-known: How Tall, How Short, How Far Away by David A. Adler. It was the perfect book to segue to larger units of measurement while comparing customary to metric units. After reading, students completed a teacher-created worksheet to review the different units. The following lesson included reading Room for Ripley by Stuart J. Murphy and an exploratory exercise to locate containers in the classroom that held fluids (water bottles, juice cartons, liquid glue, liquid soap, etc.) and to identify the units used. Students completed a similar activity for homework. I decided to culminate the unit with Measuring Penny by Loreen Leedy because the book reviews all types of measurements that have already been discussed. Since we had read Mapping Penny for our geography unit at the beginning of the year, students were able to make connections between the two books. After reading Measuring Penny, students were divided into groups and given a set of visuals which included measurement tools (thermometers, clock, ruler, scales, measuring tape and measuring cup) and different objects (orange, aquarium, books, pencils, soccer ball, chicken and dog). Groups were first asked to categorize them in any way they wish. We had a discussion about the various categories. Then they tried matching measurement tools to the objects. We discussed variations among the different groups (some groups wanted to measure the weight of the chicken while other groups wanted to measure the temperature of the chicken to see if it was cooked). Then groups divided the visuals into two categories--measurement tools and things that they can measure. We held another discussion about the measurement tools--their names and what they measure. Initially, some groups thought that one of the thermometers (circular one) is a scale. Some students also did not know that a measuring tape can measure objects that a regular ruler cannot. This review was a great exposure for some of the students. Finally, groups chose one object and created a web to show various ways that it can be measured (just like Penny in the story).

Instructional Objectives

Students will be able to identify and measure using standard and non-standard units.

Students will be able to select appropriate tools and units for the attribute being measured.

Students will be able to compare different tools and units of measurement.


Technology Integration

The on-line math dictionary and glossary provided great visuals to explain math vocabulary. Students used the websites to create their own dictionary of unfamiliar math terms. Students also enjoyed practicing measurement on funbrain.com. In addition, students used the Internet as a source for research. Some of the URLs were no longer available and therefore could not be used. URLs my students used included:

http://teachers.ash.org.au/jeather/maths/dictionary.html

http://hbschool.com/glossary/
math_advantage/glossary2.html

http://funbrain.com/measure/

Assessment

Students were assessed through teacher observations, oral responses, group discussions, and written assignments. Students were assessed in areas of mathematical understanding, participation (whole-class, group and individual), and oral and written expressions.

Tips for Teachers

This was a well written math unit with engaging extension activities. The hands-on activities are wonderful supports to the literature, especially for the ELL (English Language Learners) population in my class. On the other hand, students who were normally less engaged during math lessons found the stories to be a lot of fun and were able to make better connections with the mathematical concepts. I have chosen to rearrange the sequence of the read-aloud books to scaffold student learning, which turned out to be highly effective. I have also created additional worksheets to provide students with further practice and to assess whether students understood specific mathematical concepts. Some students were confused with names of the measurement tools and the actual units in which the tools measure. Further investigations and discussions in math vocabulary were needed to clarify any confusion and for students to select appropriate vocabulary to express their thinking.


Student Work Samples

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