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How to Use the Internet in the Classroom: Glossary

Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) – articulating what activity is allowed (or not) on computer equipment or network. Usually set by schools, institutions, businesses, etc.

Animated gif – an image file that appears to move by combining several gif images into one gif file 

Bits per second (bps) - The rate information is transferred from the Internet to your computer. The number of bits (measurement of information) that it will transfer in one second. Means the same as Baud Rate. e.g. 28k, 56K.

Boolean operator - Terms used in a search engine, which allow you to limit your hits (sites matching your request), therefore shortening your search time. Built with logical reasoning, using the terms AND, OR, NOT. For example, if you want to find web sites about the St. Louis Cardinals, you could use your Boolean operators thusly: 
St. AND Louis AND Cardinals NOT birds 
This will look for sites that have "St.","Louis", and "Cardinals" mentioned on the site, without giving you web sites that talk about bird species.

Boot - turning on a computer, allowing it to load the information and programs it needs to function.

Browse - just as in shopping - looking through materials available on a web site. Browsing and moving from web site to web site is called surfing.

Byte - A measurement of information on a hard drive, floppy disk or RAM. 

Cache – An area of your hard drive where recently accessed data is stored for rapid access. 

Clip art – Art that has been developed by someone for use on print or web documents. Most of them tend to be small graphics. Often standard with computer purchase, also available on CD’s for purchase.

Code - a set of instructions for a computer program; computer language to perform a specific task. Examples are basic, java, coldfusion.

Cookie - files stored on your hard drive by your Web browser that hold information about what web sites you have visited. 

Crash - Situation where your computer stops functioning (could be temporary problem, fixed by a reboot, or permanent). Usually followed by a crashing sound when you throw something out of frustration.

Database – A collection of information organized by fields allowing users to sort data within desired parameters. 

Digital Camera - A camera that records information digitally rather than on film. 

Download - Transferring information from a web site to a computer.

Emoticons - keyboard characters which appear to make tiny pictures, used in e-mail to convey emotion. Example: typing a colon then a close parenthesis mark creates a "smiley" face. e.g. :)

EPS - Encapsulated PostScript, a graphics file produced in Adobe Illustrator.

FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions. Information section to guide computer users through a web site or through a new process.

Folder – An electronic document storage area. 

Font - the visual appearance of letters, numbers and symbols, e.g., courier, Arial, Times New Roman.

GIF – a type of image file for use on the World Wide Web, most often graphics as opposed to photographic images.

Hotlist - A listing of the best of something. It typically refers to the most popular Web sites. 

HTML - HyperText Markup Language - computer language that web pages are 
written in 

HTTP - HyperText Transfer Protocol - tells computers that the page is a 
web page 

Hypertext -  images, text, and other computer files that allows direct links to related text, images, sound, and other data

Icon - In a graphical user interface (GUI), a small, pictorial, on-screen representation 
of an object, such as a document, program, folder or disk drive. 

IP- (Internet Protocol) data transmission standard: the standard that controls the routing and structure of data transmitted over the Internet

ISP - Internet Service Provider - the company or educational institution that is providing the connection to the Internet 

Listserv - Internet service for user discussions: a free service available on the Internet that is like a forum that allows users to discuss a subject via e-mail

JPEG – a type of image file for use on the World Wide Web, most often photographs.

Keypal - the digital equivalent of a penpal 

Keyword - a word used as a reference point for further information or as an indication of the contents of a document. Often with special significance in the context of a computer database or programming or command language

Mailing list - a list, typically computerized, of names and addresses to which advertising material or information can be mailed

Modem - an electronic device that connects computers via a telephone line, allowing the exchange of information. It consists of a modulator (MO--) to convert computer information into a telephone signal and a demodulator (DEM) to convert it back again. 

Navigate - "Surfing the Web." To move from page to page on the Web.  

PDF - (Portable Document Format) The page description language used in the 
Acrobat document exchange system 

PICT - (PICTure) The primary Macintosh graphics file format. It holds QuickDraw vector 
images, bitmapped images and text and is the Mac counterpart to the Windows Metafile (WMF) format. When PICT files are converted to the PC, they use the .PCT file extension. 

Pixel - (PIX [picture] ELement) The smallest addressable unit on a display screen. The 
higher the pixel resolution (the more rows and columns of pixels), the more information can be displayed. 

Plug-In - small program that is usually accessed by your browser for a specific purpose or to run a special formatted web page 

Router - A device that forwards data packets from one local area network (LAN) or wide 
area network (WAN) to another. 

Scroll - to cause text or graphics to move up, down, or across a computer display screen

Search Engines - a service  that searches for particular keywords in Internet documents and returns a list of documents where they can be found

Search - to examine a computer file, disk, database, or network for particular information

Server - a computer in a network that stores application programs and data files accessed by the other computers in the network. 

Software - computer programs and applications, such as word processing or database packages, that can be run on a particular computer system (often used before a noun)

Toolbar - a row of icons on a computer screen that are clicked on to perform certain frequently used functions

Upload - Transferring information from a computer to a web site.

URL - Universal Resource Locator or web address 

Web Authoring - the creation of multimedia documents, for example, training packages or sales presentations, using special software geared to a nonprogrammer

Web Browser - A program that allows you to view web pages, i.e.. MicroSoft's Explorer or Netscape Navigator

Web Master - somebody who creates, organizes, or updates the information content of a World Wide Web site


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