Adaptations

 Objective:

The students will recognize that sharks exhibit a wide variety of adaptations that help them to survive in their habitat.
 
Materials:

Photographs or reference materials about sharks
Computer with Internet access
 
Procedure:

1. Research on the Internet or in the reference materials different adaptations that sharks have made in order to survive. Visit these sites: 
Extreme Science: Biggest Fish
Discovery- Grades 6-8 Animal Adaptations
Seaworld- Sharks and Rays

2.Examples of adaptations include body shape, coloration, tail and fins, eyes, and teeth.
3. Create a rubric with the class to use as a grading guide for projects and presentations. The rubric should include topics such as adaptations for body shape, coloration, tail, fin, eyes and teeth as well as content, clarity, and citing  resources in a bibliography.
4. Students should work in groups to discover which adaptations are found on a shark of their choosing. Students can record reports in Table Form. Insert table into word processing page and choose appropriate number of columns and rows.
5.  Each group should report their findings to the class.
 
 Evaluation:

Students should be graded on the rubric created by the class or they can use one that is already available Online at Web Evaluations for Primary Grades.

Home Learning:

Each student can design their own shark adaptations with play dough. Get the recipes online at Craft Recipes.  Present adaptations to class.

Extension Activity 1:

Each group can create a web page to explain the adaptations that sharks have made in order to survive. Students can use FrontPage or Claris Homepage as web page designers; post web pages to school web site.

Click here to see a tooth page created by first graders.

Extension Activity 2: Favorite Shark Column Chart

Field Trip:

Contact a local fish expert or marine biologist and arrange for a visit to the classroom as a guest speaker.